The gut microbiome influences human health, both directly and indirectly. Research suggests that the gut microbiome may contribute to the development of disease with many health conditions shown to correlate with alterations in gut microbial composition.
The early emergence of gut microbiome signatures in specific disease states makes the development of novel therapeutic approaches based on gut microbiome manipulation possible. The gut microbiome is hugely variable between individuals, both in health and disease. At present, there is no consensus on what a ‘healthy’ gut microbiome is.2,3